Wednesday, May 7, 2008
There is lot of excitement among the political alleys of Karnataka because of these ensuing Assembly Elections, 2008. Besides the old parties like BJP, Congress and JD(S), there is also a new political party in the elections known by the name of Janapara Rajakeeya Ranga. The result of this election will be declared on May 25. There are 224 assembly constituencies in the state for voting this year. Following is the Schedule of Karnataka Elections
Schedule for General Election to the
Karnataka Legislative Assembly, 2008
Phase Phase - 1 Phase - 2 Phase - 3
Issue of notification 16.04. 08 22.04. 08 26.04. 08
Last date for 23.04. 08 29.04. 08 03.05. 08
Scrutiny of 24.04. 08 30.04. 08 05.05. 08
Last date for
withdrawal 26.04. 08 02.05. 08 07.05. 08
Date of poll 10.05. 08 16.05. 08 22.05. 08
Counting of votes 25.05. 08 25.05. 08 25.05. 08
Date before which
election 28.05. 08 28.05. 08 28.05. 08
The word-deal between JD-S and BJP did not bring any beneficial result. Karnataka govt in the mid of Oct collapsed and there was declaration of Presidential rule. What next??? After 7 months of no action, various political parties are trying their hands in assembly elections again. Now the question is whether a single party is going to win or there will be a coalition government in Karnataka? Ofcourse everyone will like that the best party to win !!!
Please click to see the Map of KARNATAKA STATE NEW PC
Sunday, January 13, 2008
Tuesday, January 1, 2008
I wish you Health...
So you may enjoy each day in comfort.
I wish you the Love of friends and family...
And Peace within your heart.
I wish you the Beauty of nature...
That you may enjoy the work of God.
I wish you Wisdom to choose priorities...
For those things that really matter in life.
I wish you Generousity so you may share...
All good things that come to you.
I wish you Happiness and Joy...
And Blessings for the New Year.
I wish you the best of everything...
That you so well deserve.
HAPPY NEW YEAR FRIENDS!
Wednesday, August 22, 2007
What are the benefits to Passengers?
Courteous and clean drivers
· Tamper proof digital Meters
· No refusal
· No overcharging
· Police verification of papers
· LPG for fuel
· Latest good condition vehicles
· Soft drinks and water in vehicles
· Complaint reporting channel
· Feedback cards with drivers
· Door to door service
· Exclusive Easy Auto stands
How does Easy Auto Work?
Passengers have to register themselves using Passenger Registration Kits (PRK), to avail door-to-door service at a cost of Rs.75 /-. Any one in the family can avail Easy Auto using the same registration. That is, using a single PRK you can register up to ten phone numbers, which will be used as identifiers by the computers.
Registered passengers can use Internet, Interactive Voice Response System (IVRS) or Short Message System (SMS) to hail an Easy Auto. Others can simply hail one, at any of our Easy Auto Stands or on kerb side.
For hailing Easy Auto using SMS, you will have send in your location code to 9844-11-22-33. You will get a receipt confirmation message along with request code. If this message does reach in 5 minutes after your SMS, you may have to try again. Please remember any network congestion can affect smooth flow of SMS. After the confirmation SMS, you will get another in a few minutes along with Easy Auto number followed the auto driver's mobile number. To complete the procedure a parallel SMS will be sent to the auto driver. Please ensure to call the Easy Auto driver within 5 minutes or else he will be assigned to another passenger.
For hailing Easy Auto using IVRS, you will have dial 9844-11-22-33 and follow the instructions told to you. To complete the procedure a parallel SMS will be sent to the auto driver. Please ensure to call the Easy Auto driver within 5 minutes or else he will be assigned to another passenger.
Who can use Easy Auto?
Easy Auto can be used by anyone. A registered commuter gets door-to-door service. For registration, the user will buy a kit from any of the Spice outlets in the city at a cost of Rs.75.00. This is a one-time fee to be paid by the commuter.
Further Details ClickHere.(http://easyauto.in)
when i post Easy Auto in Chennai...
Tuesday, August 21, 2007
This is a product advisory for the Nokia-branded BL-5C battery manufactured by Matsushita Battery Industrial Co. Ltd. of Japan between December 2005 and November 2006. This product advisory does not apply to any other Nokia battery.
Nokia has identified that in very rare cases the affected batteries could potentially experience over heating initiated by a short circuit while charging, causing the battery to dislodge. Nokia is working closely with relevant local authorities to investigate this situation.
Nokia has several suppliers for BL-5C batteries that have collectively produced more than 300 million BL-5C batteries. This advisory applies only to the 46 million batteries manufactured by Matsushita between December 2005 and November 2006. There have been approximately 100 incidents of over heating reported globally. No serious injuries or property damage have been reported.
Consumers with a BL-5C battery subject to this advisory should note that all of the approximately 100 incidents have occurred while charging the battery. According to Nokia's knowledge this issue does not affect any other use of the mobile device. Concerned consumers may want to monitor a mobile device while charging that contains a BL-5C battery subject to this product advisory.
While the occurence in the BL-5C batteries produced by Matsushita in the time-period specified is very rare, for consumers wishing to do so, Nokia and Matsushita offer to replace for free any BL-5C battery subject to this product advisory.
The BL-5C batteries which are subject to the product advisory were used with the following Nokia models or separately as accessories:
Nokia 1100, Nokia 1100c, Nokia 1101, Nokia 1108, Nokia 1110, Nokia 1112, Nokia 1255, Nokia 1315, Nokia 1600, Nokia 2112, Nokia 2118, Nokia 2255, Nokia 2272, Nokia 2275, Nokia 2300, Nokia 2300c, Nokia 2310, Nokia 2355, Nokia 2600, Nokia 2610, Nokia 2610b, Nokia 2626, Nokia 3100, Nokia 3105, Nokia 3120, Nokia 3125, Nokia 6030, Nokia 6085, Nokia 6086, Nokia 6108, Nokia 6175i, Nokia 6178i, Nokia 6230, Nokia 6230i, Nokia 6270, Nokia 6600, Nokia 6620, Nokia 6630, Nokia 6631, Nokia 6670, Nokia 6680, Nokia 6681, Nokia 6682, Nokia 6820, Nokia 6822, Nokia 7610, Nokia N70, Nokia N71, Nokia N72, Nokia N91, Nokia E50, Nokia E60
This product advisory applies also to the following accessories:
Nokia Wireless GPS Module LD-1W, Nokia Wireless GPS Module LD-3W
“Nokia” and “BL-5C” are printed on the front of the battery. On the back of the battery, the Nokia mark appears at the top, and the battery identification number (consisting of 26 characters) is found at the bottom. If the battery identification number does not contain 26 characters, it is not subject to this product advisory.
If you are interested to know if your battery is part of this product advisory, please follow the two steps below:
1) Switch off your mobile device and check the battery model. If your battery is not a BL-5C model, you are not included in this product advisory and your product will not be replaced.
2) If your battery is a BL-5C model, remove the battery and check the 26-character identification number from the back of the battery. Enter the identification number in the field below and you will be advised if your battery may be replaced.
Please Vist for further Information the Nokia Official link
Thursday, August 16, 2007
Last week i saw this article in how stuffworks.com. it may be useful for our country...
The article is followed here...
Recommendations for getting better fuel economy may seem like no-brainers, but they really can make a difference. Our strategy is a three-prong approach: Alter your driving style, maintain your vehicle, and modify your driving mentality. Combine any of these tips, and you should start seeing an improvement right away.
Alter Your Driving Style
* S-L-O-W D-O-W-N. Going fast is so tempting. Not only do we do it to keep up with the flow of traffic, but if we can save even five minutes, it seems worth it. But if you're on the highway, driving 60 miles per hour instead of 70 mph will save you 2-4 miles per gallon over the duration of your trip.
* Take it easy on the throttle. Don't accelerate quickly or stomp on the brakes. Coast to a stop. You'll save on fuel as well as wear and tear on your brakes, which will save you even more money.
* Shut down. If you're waiting somewhere for a while, like at a train crossing for instance, turn off your engine. Even if it's just for a minute, it can make a difference in your fuel economy, especially if you drive in the city a lot.
* Don't warm up your vehicle for more than 30 seconds. This is a tough one, especially for us here at Consumer Guide®, where Chicago's frigid winters are a way of life. Thanks to technology, however, most modern fuel-injected cars only really need 30 seconds to warm, and hot air can start blasting into the cabin very shortly thereafter.
* Windows up. Again, this is tough, especially on pleasant days. But having the windows down creates aerodynamic drag that causes an engine to work harder. On the highway, this can decrease fuel economy by up to 10 percent.
Maintain Your Vehicle
* Check your tire pressure. Making sure your vehicle's tires are set to the recommended pressure can increase fuel economy by as much as 3.3 percent.
* Breathe easy. Next time you get your oil changed, have the air filter checked as well. Replacing a dirty air filter with a clean one can save up to 10 percent on fuel costs.
* Make sure your vehicle is in top running order. Read your owner's manual and follow the manufacturer's recommended maintenance schedule. If it's time for a tune up, do it and you can realize up to a 4.1 percent increase in fuel economy.
* Buy the right gas. Your owner's manual will list the correct octane gasoline you should use for your vehicle. Purchase whatever is recommended and no more. Premium-grade fuel is more costly and won't improve economy in vehicles designed to run on regular.
* Lighten up. The less weight in your vehicle, the better your fuel economy. Clean out that trunk!
* Grease up. Using the manufacturer's specified motor oil, and changing it per factory recommendations, can improve fuel economy as well.
Modify Your Driving Mentality
* Combine trips. Don't run out two or three times a day. Hit all the stores you need to visit at once, and if possible, go to shopping malls where you can park and walk to several stores at the same time.
* Let someone else drive sometimes.
* Get some exercise. If you have the time and your destination is close, walk or ride a bike.
* Cool down. Gas up on cool mornings. Fuel is denser when cold. Gas pumps measure by volume, so if you pump when it's cold, you get more gas for your buck.
The Biggest Savings
For most of you, altering your driving style and maintaining your vehicle might seem like enough to increase fuel economy. You're likely to see perhaps a 10-15 percent improvement in fuel economy by doing those two things. However, you can save the most money by changing your driving mentality.
Consider this: If you get 16 mpg right now and you follow the steps outlined in "Altering Your Driving Style" and "Maintain Your Vehicle," you're likely to notice a 15 percent improvement in your fuel economy. That means you'll average 17.6 mpg. Over a 12,000-mile year, that's a cash savings of about $200.
By following the steps in "Modifying Your Driving Mentality" you could easily reduce the miles you drive each year by 1000. All else being equal, reducing the miles driven per year from 12,000 to 11,000 will save you $375. Combine the two, and you can reduce your annual fuel costs by $500 or more.
Next, we'll look at what you need to know about buying a more fuel-efficient vehicle. We'll look at gas-electric hybrids, as well as conventional vehicles that will allow you to squeeze out the most miles per gallon.
Thursday, August 2, 2007
Lord Venkateswara or Balaji is considered to be an incarnation of Lord Vishnu himself. It is believed that he came to reside on the southern bank of Swami Pushkarni, a tank that is in the center of Tirumala. The seven hills around Tirumala-Tirupati are also known as Sapthagiri after the seven hoods of Sheshnag – the cosmic serpent. The temple of Sri Venkateswara is located on the seventh peak, Venkatadri. According one legend, as Saint Ramanuja born in 11th Century AD climbed the seven hills of Tirupati, Lord Srinivas- another name for Lord Venkateswara- appeared before him and gave him his blessings. And after that Vishnu is believed to have been blessed to live till the ripe age of 120 years to spread the gospel of Sri Venkateswara. People are encouraged to visit Tirumala on the day of Ekadasi in the month of Vaikunta, at which time all pilgrims in the abode of God will be forgiven of all their sins. They also would definitely attain salvation after they die, it is believed.
The history of the temple dates back to as far as 9th Century A.D, when Pallavas, the rulers of Kancheepuram, patronized this shrine. But it was not until the time of Vijayanagara dynasty in 15th Century AD that the temple got recognition, and the contributions started pouring in.
The Varahaswamy temple, situated near the Venkateswara temple on the banks of Pushkarani Tank is said to be even more ancient. This shrine is dedicated to Lord Vishnu in the form of Varahaswamy. Other famous shrinesin Tirupati town include the shrine of Govinda -raja Swamy temple and the sacred Kapila Teertham.
Inside the Temple Vie
Places you can see in Tirupati
Lord Venkateshwara Temple
It is an ancient temple that has witnessed the rise and fall of powerful dynasties. The Pallavas, Cholas and Pandyas Queue for Darshan all patrons of the shrine and they endowed it with jewels and wealth. Later in the 16th century the great Vijayanagar kings enriched & embellished the temple and gave it a new lease of life. The temple is perfect example of the Dravidian style of temple architecture. Within the three prakarams or enclosures of the temple complex is the main shrine with its exquisitely worked and glided vimang above it. Within the sanctum is the majestic "Swayambhu" or naturally formed image of the Lord Venkateswara. He is seen standing on a lotus with his symbols, the shankh (conch) and the chakra (discus) in his hands and on the chest are the image of the goddesses Lakshmi & Padmavati. The figure is laden with jewels.
Padmavati Devi Temple
Tiruchanoor, also known as Alamelumangapuram, is about 5 km from Tirupati. The temple of Sri Padmavathi Devi, the consort of Lord Sri Venkateswara is situated here. It is said that a visit to Tirumala is fruitful only after visiting the Sri Padmavathi Devi temple.
You may wonder why Sri Padmavathi Devi's temple is away from Lord Sri Venkateswara's. Legend has it that the Lord (Sri Maha Vishnu, who later took on the incarnation of Sri Venkateswara) showed his reverence towards the sage, Bhrigu Maharshi, even though the sage had insulted Vishnu by kicking Him on the chest.
Sri Govindarajaswami Temple
This Temple is the main attraction for pilgrims at Tirupati and the biggest in town. The earliest of the records belong to the year 1235 AD. The Guruparampara accounts of the Vaishnavas ascribe the foundation of the shrine to Ramanuja.
There are two shrines and not one, as usual, in the center of the innermost enclosure. An outer wall encloses these two shrines. The shrine to the South is that of Krishna, popularly known as Parthasarathi, while the shrine to the North is that of Govindaraja. The Krishna shrine is presently closed for worship. The earliest record found on the innermost gopura belongs to the fifteenth year of the Yadavaraya chief, Viranarasingadeva of 1224 AD.
Located in the centre of the Tirupati town, the presiding deities over here are Sita, Rama and Lakshmana. The Chola built it during the 10th century AD. The temple of Anjaneyaswami, which is directly opposite, is a sub-shrine of this temple.
Sri Kapileswaraswami Temple
Situated about 3-km to the north of Tirupati, at the foot of the Tirumala Hills, is the only temple dedicated to Lord Shiva, in Tirupati. The sacred waterfall called "Kapila Teertham " (also known as "Alwar Teertham") is located here. It is also the venue of many festivals.
Sri Kalyana Venkateswaraswami Temple
This sacred temple is located 12-km to the west of Tirupati at Srinivasa Mangapuram and it is believed that Lord Venkateswara stayed here after his marriage with Sri Padmavati Devi, before proceeding to Tirumala.
Also known as Alamelumangapuram, Tiruchanur is situated at about 5 km from Tirupati. Here one can find a temple of Sri Padmavathi Devi or Goddess Lakshmi, the consort of Lord Sri Venkateswara. It is said that a visit to Tirumalai is fruitful only after visiting the Sri Padmavathi Devi temple. The sub-temples in its premises include the Sri Krishnaswamy Temple, Sri Sundara Rajaswamivari Temple, and Sri Suryanarayana Swamivari Temple.
About 12 km from Tirupati at the confluence of three rivers, namely, Swarnamukhi, Bhima and Kalyan, lies the Agastyaswamy Temple. The temple has three beautifully sculptured entrances that heighten the grandeur of the hall inside. A separate shrine for Goddess Parvati is also located within the temple.
Just opposite the shrine in the middle of the river is a mandap on which the statues of Balaji, Ayyappa and Ganapati have been installed. A small shrine dedicated to Rama, Sita, Lakshmana and Anjaneya is located near the tank.
Nagalapuram is a small town about 65 km south-east of Tirupati. The major attraction of this town is Sri Vedanarayana Swamy Temple. The temple, believed to have been constructed by the Vijayanagar emperor, Sri Krishna Devaraja at the behest of his mother, is a fine specimen of the Vijayanagar style of architecture. The sanctum sanctorum houses an image of Vishnu in his Matsya (fish) incarnation accompanied by Sri Devi and Bhu Devi on either side. An important aspect of the temple is the Sun worship. The temple has been constructed in a way that every year in the month of March the rays of the sun pass through its gopuram and fall on the idol in the sanctum for three days.
The importance of this village is due to big temple dedicated to Lord Kalyana Venkateswara swamy. It is believed that the marriage of Lord Venkateswara Swamy with Goddess Padmavathi Devi took palce here. This is the temple where in we can see both Venkateswara Swamy along with Padmavathi Devi in one temple complex. This place is famous for handlooms.
This picturesque religious centre is famous for the temple dedicated to Vayu, the wind god. It is said that a spider worshiped the Linga, by spinning a web over it, a snake by placing gem upon the Linga and an Elephant by washing the Linga with water from its trunk and attain Mukti. Hence this place is called Srikalahasthi.
Talakona is famous for the temple of Sri Siddheswara Swamy and the scenic and picturesque water falls in the midst of thich forest. People from Chittor district and neighboring districts will gather on 1st January and Mahasivaratri festival days and week ends to pray god and enjoy the waterfalls. Puranas says that those who do not have children come here and pray god for children and name their children as Siddaiah or Siddamma. The waterfalls are four km from the temple.
The most picturesque, scenic, picnic and summer resort, Horsley Hills is situated near Madanpalli in Chittoor District at an altitude of 4200 feet above sea level. Mr.W.D.Horsley, a British member of the civil service and then the District Collector of Cuddapah, who found the climate very hot, selected this part as his summer resort on the top of the hills. He constructed two houses, the Kachari Room and Milk Bungalow and developed as summar resort. The Governor's Bungalow, the Forest Bungalow, and Microwave station, View point, Enugumallamma Temple are worth seeing here.
Events and Festivals of Tirupati
The Brahmotsavam is the most important temple festival celebrated at Tirupati-Balaji. Celebrated annually in September, the festival is especially grand every third year when it is called Navratri Brahmotsavam. On the third day of the Brahmotsavam, the temple car festival called Rathotsavam is held. Both the temple chariot and the Lord are gaily decorated and taken around the streets of Tirumala.
On the final day of the Tirupati-Balaji festival, the image of Lord Venkateswara is taken out in procession in a spectacular white horse-drawn chariot. Before returning to his shrine, the deity bathes in the Swami Pushkarini tank followed by thousands of tonsured, white-clad devotees trying to wash off their sins. During the spectacular deepakulam ceremony, this ancient temple tank is full of decorated boats and thousands of brass lamps are reflected in the water. The entire hilltop resounds with Sanskrit mantras (sacred chants) and the music of bells, drums, cymbals, flutes, and temple horns. The perfumes of camphor, sandalwood, incense, jasmine, rose, and marigold fills the air.
The Vijayanagar Festival is held for three days at the historic Chandragiri Fort near Tirupati-Balaji in the third week of October every year. The fort is a living testimony to the valour of the rulers of Vijayanagar, and the festival coincides with the annual Brahmotsavam at the Tirupati-Balaji Temple. Musicians and dancers from all over the state come here to perform during the festival. The Rayalseema Food Festival is also held at the same time. During this festival, most of the local delicacies of the state are presented.
Several other festivals are held at Tirupati-Balaji all through the year. The Kalyanotsavam (marriage of the Lord) is celebrated everyday at the Kalyanmandapam except during the Brahmotsavam and on certain other festive occasions.
Tirupati also celebrates a festival called the Kalyanotsavam (marriage of the Lord), celebrated everyday at the Kalyanmandapam except during the Brahmotsavam and on certain other festive occasions.
Tirupati airport is about 15 kms. from the city. There are direct flights from Hyderabad, Vijayawada, Bangalore and Chennai.
Tirupati is connected by rail with all citiesin India.
Tirupati is only 130 kilometres away from Chennai. Even otherwise it is well connected to Hyderabad, Bangalore and Chennai by road and rail transport.
Hotels in Tirupati
Tirupati hotels range from three star hotels to budget hotels. There are plenty of dharmshalas and guest houses in tirumala offering comfortable stay at reasonable rates, hence accommodation is not a problem here.
Weather Summer: 43 °C - 22 °C Winter: 32 °C - 14 °C
Best Time to Visit: September to February
Languages: Telugu, English,Hindi,Tamil
STD Code: 08574
Sunday, June 10, 2007
Programs: You choose what to install from the menu Office 2007 Enterprise
Office 2003 Professional 11.6568
Open Office 2.10
Nero Burning Rom 22.214.171.124b
FullNero Burning Rom 126.96.36.199A Lite
Photoshop CS2 9.0
WindowBlinds Enhanced v5.1 Build-8
Symantec AntiVirus Corp Edition 10.1.5.5000
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Replace Text In Files 1.0
Quick Batch File Compiler 220.127.116.11
Inno Setup Compiler 5.1.9
Google Earth 4.0.2693b
ExamDiff Pro 18.104.22.168
Buddy Icon Grabber 1.03
Internet DownloAD Manager 5.07
ZIPNET Framework v2.0.50727.42
NET Framework v1.1 SP1 with Hotfixes
Service Tuner 2007-v1.0
Process Explorer v10.06
SiSoftware Sandra Enterprise v2007.9.10.105
PartitionMagic v8.05 (Build-1371)
HD Tune v2.52
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CPU Z v1.38Aida32
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Rootkit Revealer v1.7
Mailwasher Pro v5.3
KeePass Password Safe v1.06 (+Plugins)
Hitman Pro v22.214.171.124
Ad Aware SE Pro v1.06-r1-(18.12.2006)
WinASO Registry Optimizer v2.80
RegSupreme Pro v126.96.36.199
Registry Toolkit v3.5
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Passware Kit Enterprise v7.9 (Build-2141)
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Sonic Scenarist Pro v18.104.22.168444
MPEG Video Wizard DVD(14.12.2006)
MainConcept Personal Video-Recorder v1.1.4
EO Video v1.36
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Fruity-Loops-Studio-ProducerEdition XXL 6.0.8 (With All Plugins)
Amp Theme (msstyles-file)
Fraunhofer IIS MP3 Codec
Klite Codec Pack 2.82F
DirectX Redistributable December
Java Runtime Environment 6.0
Adobe Acrobat Reader 8
VMWare Workstation 5.53
Clock tray Skins 3.5
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TuneUp utilites 2007
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ACD See 9.00
Ashampoo FireWall PRO v1.14.
Virtual P.C. 2007OO
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Windows Media Player 11
McAfee VirusScan Enterprise v8.5.0i
Everest Ultimate Edition 3.50.761
Damn NFO ViewerUnlocker 1.8.5
Search & Destroy 1.5
Several Vista Glass Aero WBAS (WindowBlinds).
AVG AntiVirus 7.5.433
Driver packs 7.01.2 - DriverPacks BASE6.12 - DriverPack Chipset6.09.1 - DriverPack CPU7.01 - DriverPack Graphics A6.12 - DriverPack Graphics B6.12 - DriverPack Graphics C6.12 - DriverPack LAN7.01 - DriverPack MassStorage
Integrated 150 visual Styles:
Zion Zune 7 Aero Style (Glass - Beta 2) Aero UI (Day) Aero UI (Night) Allure Beige Bikini Black BlackGold BlackIceBlandXP Blink BlueHeart BlynkNET Bugatti ProBlue Calypso CatalystVS Celestial ChaNinjaStyle_RC5 ChaNinjaStyle_RC5_BonusClassic CoolXP4 corona Crystal dlb 2 Crystal dlb BE CrystalAero cxpae DarkLibar DarkWall Descent Diamond DragonStyleElement ElementA Energy Blue eXistenZ Fiesta first Forever Blue G2 GoldCoast Gray GreyOb InsetRed InspiratSE InspiratSECompakt Jade Style Kimbra LE5 LiQuidskY Longhorn Aero Luna (Longhorn Revolution) Luna Lite Luna RoyaleLunarBlue Mac OS X Midnight MidniteXP MindWood Misfit mrs mix blue MRSSILVER msn MtlBlade MX5 Natural NewXP NightElfNightMove Octalized Office 2007 OpusOS OSXP OSXP1 Palladium Patriotic PHENOM Pipeline Platinum Platinum Mist Remix Plex Style Plex Style (Media Center Edition) plexiglas v2 Pristine Q RedDragon Redvista_?? Reflections RhodiumXRoyal Full Start Menu Royal_Five_Color_Mod Royale Royale06 Royale Glass Royale Noir RoyalFour RoyalInsLongRoyalInsMac RoyalMod Sentinel_A Sentinel_B Shine Signs Simplex3 Simplex6 Slate Athens Slate PDC Slate RefreshSlate XP Soft Silver Static View SunSetBall TallyHawk The Blue ThinVista Trekgrey Trippin true Vertigo VistaVistaCG VistaPerfection VistaXP VS7 War3ORC WatercolorLite Windows MAX V4 Windows Xp Style Wood WinVistaWood Xanadu XoddX XPAmp
Ryans' Update pack AddonHot fixes Included. January 2007
Adobe Flash Player 184.108.40.206 ActiveX ControlMacrovision SafeDisc Driver Fix 4.00.060Microsoft European Union Expansion Font Update 1.1Microsoft Qfecheck 220.127.116.11Microsoft Update 18.104.22.1686Microsoft Web Folders 9.60.6715.0 (KB892211)Microsoft Windows Script 5.6.8831 (Includes KB917344 Hotfix)MSXML 4.0 SP2 (Includes KB927978 Hotfix)MSXML 6.0 (Includes KB927977 Hotfix) Registry TweaksDSO Exploit registry fix that Spybot Search & Destroy complains about Changelog Didn't use N'Lite as it sometimes applies tweaks that are unwanted. Didn't include Ricks Sidebar as too unreliable. Didn't add any tweaks, nor disable anything,You can pick tweaks in Menu.
Download : (No Serail No Or Activation Required)
(Total 3.75 GB)
Thursday, May 31, 2007
Monday, May 28, 2007
2 The ‘‘Skyhook’’ strategy detaches the vehicle
body, as a sprung mass, from what is taking place
on the axles and wheels by calming the movement
of the body * * * In addition to improved comfort,
this provides for ‘‘optimal control of the vehicle
body at all times.’’ Page 10 of the petition.
Ferrari stated that its inability to sell
the F430 in the United States through
2007 would lead to a substantial loss of
sales and revenue. Ferrari stated that in
2004, sales of the 8-cylinder 360
models, those models being replaced by
the F430, accounted for 86 percent of its
U.S. sales. Ferrari projected that if it
were unable to sell the F430 model in
the U.S., it would realize a decrease in
net profit of approximately 44 million
Euros ($53,000,000) in 2007. Ferrari
stated that such consequences
demonstrate ‘‘substantial economic
hardship’’ within the meaning of 49
Ferrari has requested that additional
specific details regarding its finances
and financial forecasts be afforded
confidential treatment under 49 CFR
512.4, Asserting a claim for confidential
information. We have determined that
this information is to be afforded such
III. Why an Exemption Would Be in the
The petitioner put forth several
arguments in favor of a finding that the
requested exemption is consistent with
the public interest. Specifically:
1. Ferrari states that the vehicle is
equipped with a variety of ‘‘active
safety’’ systems beyond that required by
the FMVSSs and that these systems
‘‘significantly improve vehicle handling
and enhance controllability.’’ Such
systems include the Manettino control
system, which adjusts vehicle handling
and stability to specific driving
conditions; the Control Stability System,
an electronic stability control system;
Electro-Hydraulic Differential, a system
that manages torque distribution
between the two rear wheels to improve
stability; Continuous Damping Control,
a system that adjusts to road conditions
in order to improve braking; and ‘‘Sky-
2. The petitioner states that the F430
also has a variety of passive safety
features not required under the FMVSS,
including seat belt pretensioners and a
fuel system that complies with the
upgraded fuel system integrity
requirements in advance of the
3. Ferrari notes that the requirements
for which the F430 does not comply are
primarily designed to protect children
from injuries due to air bag deployment.
Ferrari argues that it is unlikely that
young children would be passengers in
the vehicles covered by the exemption.
4. Ferrari states that the F430 will
have a manual on/off switch for the
passenger air bag. Ferrari also notes that
a child restraint system that
automatically suppresses the passenger
air bag when properly installed would
be available upon request of a consumer
at no cost.
5. Ferrari states that the F430 was
designed and marketed as a high
performance, racing type vehicle, and
therefore would have negligible on-road
operation. Thus, Ferrari states, the
impact of the exemption is expected to
6. Ferrari argues that granting the
exemption would increase choices
available to the U.S. driving population
in the high-performance vehicle
7. The petitioner argues that granting
the exemption would maintain the
viability of U.S. firms associated with
the sales and maintenance associated
with the F430. Ferrari projects the F430
to be a major part of Ferrari sales in the
U.S. during the two-year period for
which an exemption has been
IV. How You May Comment on the
We invite you to submit comments on
the application described above. You
may submit comments [identified by the
DOT Docket number in the heading of
this document] by any of the following
• Web Site: http://dms.dot.gov.
Follow the instructions for submitting
comments on the DOT electronic docket
site by clicking on ‘‘Help and
Information’’ or ‘‘Help/Info.’’
• Fax: 1–202–493–2251.
• Mail: Docket Management Facility,
U.S. Department of Transportation, 400
Seventh Street, SW., Nassif Building,
Room PL–401, Washington, DC 20590.
• Hand Delivery: Room PL–401 on
the plaza level of the Nassif Building,
400 Seventh Street, SW., Washington,
DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday
through Friday, except Federal
• Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to
http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the
online instructions for submitting
Instructions: All submissions must
include the agency name and docket
number or Regulatory Identification
Number (RIN) for this rulemaking. Note
that all comments received will be
posted without change to http://
dms.dot.gov, including any personal
Docket: For access to the docket in
order to read background documents or
comments received, go to http://
dms.dot.gov at any time or to Room PL–
401 on the plaza level of the Nassif
Building, 400 Seventh Street, SW.,
Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5
p.m., Monday through Friday, except
Privacy Act: Anyone is able to search
the electronic form of all comments
received into any of our dockets by the
name of the individual submitting the
comment (or signing the comment, if
submitted on behalf of an association,
business, labor union, etc.). You may
review DOT’s complete Privacy Act
Statement in the Federal Register
published on April 11, 2000 (Volume
65, Number 70; Pages 19477–78) or you
may visit http://dms.dot.gov.
We shall consider all comments
received before the close of business on
the comment closing date indicated
below. To the extent possible, we shall
also consider comments filed after the
closing date. We shall publish a notice
of final action on the application in the
Federal Register pursuant to the
authority indicated below.
(49 U.S.C. 30113; delegations of authority at
49 CFR 1.50. and 501.8)
Issued on: November 18, 2005.
Roger A. Saul,
Director, Office of Crashworthiness
[FR Doc. E5–6551 Filed 11–25–05; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4910–59–P
DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
National Highway Traffic Safety
[Docket No. NHTSA–2005–23083]
Notice of Receipt of Petition for
Decision That Nonconforming 2005
Lamborghini Murcielago Roadster
Passenger Cars Are Eligible for
AGENCY: National Highway Traffic
Safety Administration, DOT.
ACTION: Notice of receipt of petition for
decision that nonconforming 2005
Lamborghini Murcielago roadster
passenger cars are eligible for
SUMMARY: This document announces
receipt by the National Highway Traffic
Safety Administration (NHTSA) of a
petition for a decision that 2005
Lamborghini Murcielago roadster
passenger cars that were not originally
manufactured to comply with all
Saturday, May 26, 2007
Whether they take the form of a comic image of a giant cat or a desperate plea from a sick child, chain e-mail messages and Internet frauds are elements of the online landscape that we've all encountered. No topic is off limits: a medical warning, a promise of free money, or a believably (or shoddily) Photoshopped image. But at the end of the day, they're just elaborate hoaxes or clever pranks--and we've collected 25 of the most infamous ones ever to have graced the Internet or our inboxes.
Though some of these deceptions originated years ago, the originals--and dozens of variants--continue to make the rounds. If you keep a patient vigil over your e-mail, you too may eventually spot a message urging you to FORWARD THIS TO EVERYONE YOU KNOW!!! And if you haven't had enough when you finish reading this article, take a hoax test at the Museum of Hoaxes, and then hop over to Snopes, the premier myth-dispelling site for coverage of zillions of other falsifications.
Hoaxes 1 Through 5
From the supposed last photo taken at the top of the World Trade Center to the endlessly revised request for assistance from a Nigerian functionary, here are our top five Web and e-mail hoaxes.
1. The Accidental Tourist (2001)
Quite possibly the most famous hoax picture ever, this gruesome idea of a joke traveled around the Web and made a grand tour of e-mail inboxes everywhere soon after the tragedy of September 11. It depicts a tourist standing on the observation deck of one of the World Trade Center towers, unknowingly posing for a picture as an American Airlines plane approaches in the background.
At first glance it appears to be real, but if you examine certain details, you'll see that it's a craftily modified image. For starters, the plane that struck the WTC was a wide-body Boeing 767; the one in the picture is a smaller 757. The approach of the plane in the picture is from the north, yet the building it would have hit--the North tower--didn' t have an outdoor observation deck. Furthermore, the South tower's outdoor deck didn't open until 9:30 a.m. on weekdays, more than half an hour after the first plane struck the WTC. The picture is a hoax, through and through--and not a particularly amusing one, under the circumstances.
2. Sick Kid Needs Your Help (1989)
This gem had its roots in reality. It all began in 1989, when nine-year-old cancer patient Craig Shergold thought of a way to achieve his dream of getting into the Guinness Book of World Records. Craig asked people to send greeting cards, and boy, did they. By 1991, 33 million greeting cards had been sent, far surpassing the prior record. Ironically, however, the Guinness World Records site doesn't contain any mention of Craig Sherwood or a "most greeting cards received" record, presumably because the fine folks at the site don't want to encourage anyone to try to break his mark. (Astonishingly, Guinness doesn't have an entry for world's stoutest person, either, but it does honor the World's Largest Tankard of Beer.)
Fortunately, doctors succeeded in removing the tumor, and Craig is now a healthy adult, but his appeal for cards has turned into the hoax that won't die. Variations on the theme include a sick girl dying of cancer, and a little boy with leukemia whose dying wish is to start an eternal chain letter. A recent iteration tells a tragic tale of a girl who supposedly was horribly burned in a fire at WalMart, and then claims that AOL will pay all of her medical bills if only if you forward this e-mail to EVERYONE YOU KNOW!!! Okay, enough already.
3. Bill Gates Money Giveaway (1997)
No, it's true. I thought it was a scam, but it happened to a buddy of mine. It seems that Microsoft is testing some new program for tracing e-mail, and the company needs volunteers to help try the thing out. He forwarded me an e-mail that he received from Microsoft--and get this, from Bill Gates himself! Two weeks later, as a reward for participating, my pal received a check for thousands of dollars! Sure he did. Another version of this hoax claims that AOL's tracking service is offering a cash reward. Tell you what--when you get your check, send me 10 percent as a finder's fee, okay?
. Five-Cent E-Mail Tax (1999)
"Dear Internet Subscriber," the e-mail starts. "The Government of the United States is quietly pushing through legislation that will affect your use of the Internet." It goes on to reveal that "Bill 602P" will authorize the U.S. Postal Service to assess a charge of five cents for every e-mail sent. Not a bad way to cut down on the number of dopey e-mail chain letters and lame jokes people let loose on the world. But credulous curse averters and connoisseurs of boffo laffs can relax: This e-mail alert, which popped up in 1999 and comes back for a visit every year or so, just isn't true. Still, it sounded plausible enough to fool Hillary Clinton during a 2000 debate when she was running for the Senate.
5. Nigerian 419 E-Mail Scam (2000)
"DEAR SIR," the e-mail starts. "FIRSTLY I MUST FIRST SOLICIT YOUR CONFIDENCE IN THIS TRANSACTION; LET ME START BY INTRODUCING MYSELF PROPERLY..." I'm sure you've received one of these--a confidential, urgent e-mail message promising you a reward of mucho dinero for helping this person convey money abroad. All you need do in return is entrust your name and bank account number to the government bureaucrat (or his uncle, aunt, or cousin, the ostensible "credit offficer with the union bank of Nigeria plc (uba) Benin branch") who needs your help.
It's the Nigerian con, also known as an Advanced Fee Fraud or 419 scam (so called because of the section number of the Nigerian criminal code that applies to it). Ancestors of these scams appeared in the 1980s, when the media of choice were letters or faxes--and they're still wildly successful at snagging people. In fact, Oprah recently featured a victim of the Nigerian scam on her show. And if you think that smart, educated folks couldn't possibly fall for it, you'll be surprised when you read " The Perfect Mark," a New Yorker magazine article profiling a Massachusetts psychotherapist who was duped--and lost a fortune.
To see how the hoax works, visit Scamorama, a fascinating site that features a progression of e-mail messages stringing along 419 scammers, sometimes for months at a time. Finally, check out the 3rd Annual Nigerian E-Mail Conference, an absolutely perfect spoof.
Build a Resilient Foundation
Create a more intelligent, responsive integrated network based on adaptive and resilient technologies.
Network Router: An Integrated Services Approach
The network router is quickly evolving from a device dedicated to connecting disparate networks to an integrated services device capable of multiple functions beyond routing. Cisco customers are increasingly deploying integrated services routers, or sophisticated network routers that can deliver voice, video, data and Internet access, wireless, and other applications.
Benefits of the Integrated Services Network Router
Growing companies, especially those opening new offices, can take advantage of integrated network router solutions that are highly secure, flexible, and built to be compatible with future technologies.
One Device, Multiple Functions: An integrated services network router enables organizations to take advantage of numerous built-in technologies such as voice, wireless, and advanced security systems while ensuring the quality of service (QoS) prioritization their network applications demand. Because the network services are built in or can be easily added to the integrated services network router, companies can install one sophisticated device rather than purchase separate products to provide each individual function.
Same Access at Headquarters and Remote Sites: An integrated services network router gives all workers—even those at branch offices or remote sites such as a home or hotel room—the same access to business applications, unified communications, and videoconferencing. Modular solutions allow you to install the features you need for a particular office, and upgrade equipment when needs change or an office expands.
Centralized Management: An integrated services network router approach means technical staff at headquarters can manage the network from a central location. This allows technical departments to allocate resources to priority projects while providing reliable service to employees in all locations.
Integrated Network Security: An integrated services network router, with its systems approach, allows companies to transfer responsibility for security and reliability from individual computers and users to the network itself. This helps protect companies from the influx of viruses, malicious code, and other infections that end users’ laptops might unknowingly acquire.
By installing a complete solution and managing it centrally, companies can protect valuable corporate data using multiple types of protection, such as encryption, firewall filtering, antivirus protection, and intrusion detection and prevention.
Reap the Rewards of a Network Router
From reduced capital and operating expenses to increased productivity, the advantages of integrated services apply regardless of the size of company. A small company with two offices can benefit as much as a company with hundreds of branch offices.
A 2.16GHz or 2.33GHz Intel Core 2 Duo. Up to 39% faster than its predecessor.1 A built-in iSight for instant video conferencing on the move. Front Row with Apple Remote to dazzle everyone in the room. Now available in 15- and 17-inch models starting at just $1999. Start your engines.
MacBook Pro is built on the revolutionary Intel Core 2 Duo — which packs the power of two processor cores (up to 2.33GHz) inside a single chip. It provides 4MB of Smart Cache, L2 cache that can be shared between the cores as needed. It delivers higher performance in 2D and 3D graphics, video editing, and music encoding. But the new engine is only part of the story. MacBook Pro supports hard drives up to 200GB and up to 3GB of 667MHz DDR2 memory. And now every MacBook Pro boasts both a FireWire 800 port and a double-layer burning SuperDrive. Ultimate speed, performance, and connectivity. To go. That’s MacBook Pro.
MacBook Pro delivers the Front Row media experience, making it easy (and rather spectacular) to showcase your latest creations. Whether you’re at the client’s office, on location, or back at your hotel room, just use the Apple Remote to control your videos, music, movies, and more. Front Row lets you quickly navigate through your work and play from anywhere in the room. You can even use the Apple Remote to navigate through Keynote presentations.
iSight to behold
Sit down. Click someone’s iChat icon. Video conference from anywhere in the world. Though you can barely see it, there’s an iSight camera built into the thin bezel just above the display. So now you can conference with associates during the day and chat with the kids at night. iChat AV lets you video chat with up to three other people simultaneously. And when you go head to head, you’ll see your colleagues clearly, at VGA resolution.
Packs power, not pounds
What makes MacBook Pro so mobile? Performance in a portable package. Only one inch thin and 5.6 and 6.8 pounds, respectively, the 15- and 17-inch MacBook Pros are amongst the thinnest, lightest notebooks in their display class.
On the go.
MagSafe airline adapter
Out of power in flight? Plug your MacBook Pro into the optional MagSafe Airline Adapter and get back to work (or play).
MacBook Pro offers built-in wireless capability, and you can create your own wireless network with an AirPort Express.
Connect wirelessly to Bluetooth-enabled peripherals or connect to the Internet via your mobile phone.
Extend your desktop by connecting your MacBook Pro to a larger display or an HDTV via the DVI port or an optional video adapter.
2.16GHz or 2.33GHz Intel Core 2 Duo
6x double-layer-burning SuperDrive
One FireWire 400
One FireWire 800
Up to 200GB hard drive
ATI Mobility Radeon X1600
Built-in AirPort Extreme
MagSafe Power Adapter
The T805 and T815 Navigation Systems with MOTONAV easily turn compatible Bluetooth enabled handsets into ultra-portable GPS navigation devices. Each navigation system includes a stylish Motorola designed GPS receiver, which provides locations, turn-by-turn directions, on-screen maps and clear spoken and visual instructions.
The GPS receiver establishes a connection via Bluetooth wireless technology to a compatible mobile phone through automatic pairing, eliminating the need for complicated device discovery or pin-number entry. The receiver is enhanced by AGPS, providing users with quick start-up and location search and routing within seconds.
Motorola officially announced the availability of MOTO Q9 and MOTO Q8.
Motorola yesterday officially announced the expansion of Q platform with the availability of MOTO Q9 and MOTO Q8.
The Q9 is a HSDPA Windows Mobile 6 device supporting HSDPA speed up to 3.6Mbps. MOTO Q9 offers pure perfomance through design, delivering richer messaging and multimedia experiences.
The Q8 is a GSM Windows Mobile 6 device. Based-on the much-imitated Q design, MOTO Q8 showcases a soft-touch metal casing.
Both MOTO Q9 and Q8 are also fully customisable, with over 300 applications optimised for Motorola and a full suite of accessories.
The Nokia N800 Internet Tablet is a wireless Internet appliance from Nokia, originally announced at the Las Vegas CES 2007 Summit in January 2007. The N800 was developed as the successor to the Nokia 770. It is designed for wireless Internet browsing and e-mail functions and includes software such as Internet radio, an RSS news reader, image viewer and media players for selected types of media. It does not have built-in cell phone capability.
Processor: OMAP2420 microprocessor at 330 MHz.
Memory: 128 MB of RAM and 256 MB of flash memory.
Connectivity: IEEE 802.11 b/g, Bluetooth 2.0, and USB 2.0 high-speed.
Display & Resolution: 4.1 inches 800×480, (the same as the 770.)
Expansion: 2 full-sized Secure Digital card slots, one internal and one external.
Camera: built-in webcam
Audio: microphone, stereo speakers, FM radio tuner, 3.5mm Headphone jack (compatible with standard stereo headphones, but also containing a fourth pin with microphone input)
Operating System: Linux-based Maemo 3.0 in the form of Internet Tablet OS 2007.
One of the strengths of the N800 over similar devices is that due to the open source Linux based operating system, there are many third party applications. Some are original software, others are ports from desktop Linux.
Some notable applications include:
Canola - a media player with network streaming
Maemo-mapper - a mapping program that integrates with online map sources, and GPS
Mplayer - a media player
Obscura Photo Manager
SDict Viewer - a viewer for dictionaries, reference books, and encyclopedias, using the sdict format developed by AXMA Soft
Pidgin - a full featured internet messaging client, with AIM, MSN, Yahoo and Jabber support
Claws Mail - a full featured email client
FBReader - an e-book reader
VNC client and server
Installed Memory: 128
Wireless Internet: Wireless Ethernet - 11 Mbps IEEE802.11b,
Wireless Ethernet - 54 Mbps IEEE802.11g
Expansion Slot: microSD Slot,
Secure Digital (SD) Slot
Slots: microSD Slot,
Secure Digital (SD) Slot
Interface Type: Audio - Headphone Out (1/8" Mini),
USB - Universal Serial Bus
Installed Memory: 128 MB
Color Depth: 65,536 Colors (16-bit)
Power Source: Lithium-Ion Polymer
Battery Type: Lithium-ion Polymer
Battery Life: 3 hour(s)
Included Network Card: Wireless Ethernet - 11 Mbps IEEE802.11b,
Wireless Ethernet - 54 Mbps IEEE802.11g
Included Functions: Audio Playback,
Integrated MP3 Player,
Included Devices: AC Adapter,
Input Method: Control Pad,
Weight: 7.27 oz
Depth: 0.5 in
Width: 5.7 in
Height: 2.95 in
Warranty Information: 1 Year Limited Warranty
Display 800x480 touch screen, 16-bit color
CPU 330MHz TI OMAP 2420 CPU
Memory 128MB SDRAM, 256MB Flash
Operating system Internet Tablet OS 2007 Edition
Connectivity 802.11b/g, Bluetooth 2.0 , USB, memory card expansion (SD, MicroSD, MiniSD, MMC, and RS-MMC), audio out, AC power adapter
Size 5.67" x 2.95" x 0.51"
Battery 3.5 hours of browsing time, 12 days of standby time
Language support English (US and UK), French, German, Italian, Spanish, Brazilian Portuguese, Canadian French, Danish, Swedish, Finnish, Russian, Dutch, Norwegian, Portuguese
Supported file formats • Audio: AAC, AMR, MP2, MP3, RA, WAV, WMA, M3U and PLS for Internet radio playlists
• Video: 3GP, AVI, H.263, MPEG-1, MPEG-4, RV
• Images: BMP, GIF, ICO, JPEG, PNG, TIFF, SVG-Tiny
Thursday, January 25, 2007
As a child, Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam remembers being fascinated by the flight of seagulls. He grew up on the island of Rameshwaram in south India, where his father was a boat builder. Kalam's interest in flight led to a degree in aeronautical engineering, and eventually to his supervising the development of India's guided missiles. Along the way, he found time to write Tamil poetry and learned to play the veena, an instrument similar to the sitar. Today Kalam, 67, who is India's best known scientist, heads the mammoth Department of Defense Research and Development. He played a key role in the nuclear tests at Pokharan in the Rajasthan desert on May 11 and 13. "I remember the earth shaking under our feet," he recalls of that fateful experience.
Perhaps all frontiersmen are like that. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam has spent all his life near the three water frontiers of India. The newspaper boy of Rameswaram coast on the Indian Ocean spent 20 years dreaming of space frontiers at Thumba space centre on the Arabian Sea. The dreams of the next 20 years were mostly conjured up on the shores of the Bay of Bengal at Chandipur where he test-launched missiles and checked on vehicles that re-enter the atmosphere from space.
The dreamer of these oceanic frontiers is also one of India's frontiersmen in technology. A technology that not only fired Agnis, ignited Prithvis but also can green the barren lands, provide foods to the starving, and profit in world commerce. A First World dream for a third world nation.
It is a dream he shares with Yagnaswami Sundara Rajan, another technologist who had his stints in the Indian Space Research Organisation, the department of space contributing significantly to the communication satellite programme, the remote sensing programme and satellite metorology and mapping systems.
From the sea frontiers and space frontiers, the duo are now dreaming up frontiers of technology-driven prosperity for one billion people. In this they are inspired as much by the grain-rich fields of the green revolution as by the successes of remote-sensing satellites and re-entry vehicles. They see infinite energy that can be released not only from thermonuclear explosions but also from the human resource latent in the ordinary people of India.
Dr Kalam and Rajan believe that as a nation India should aim to reach at least the fourth position by 2020. And nobody is going to help us reach there, except ourselves. As the globe is shrinking into a village, there is also simultaneous denial of technologies.
But the same sense of purpose that made Pokharans and Prithvis possible can propel whole populations into prosperity. In the book India 2020, A Vision for the New Millennium, published by Viking-Penguin India, they identify exactly the bricks of technology that could build the dream. (Incidentally, Dr Kalam even otherwise seems to have the perfect 20-20 vision.
Things you didn't know about kalam
That Dr. Abdul Kalam is a bachelor and a teetotaler?
That he recites the Holy Quran and the Bhagvad Gita daily and is equally at home with both Holy Scriptures?
That Dr. Abdul Kalam has gone abroad for studies only once in 1963-64 to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in the United States?
That as a young boy, he sold newspapers to enhance his family's income?
That he is so modest about his achievements that at every felicitation ceremony he gives full credit for India's success to his colleagues?
Childhood and Career
Oct 15, 1931 : Born at Dhanushkodi in Rameswaram district,Tamil Nadu. His father had to rent boats to pay his school fees. He studied at the Schwartz High School in Ramanathapuram.
1954-58 : After graduating in science from St. Joseph's College in Tiruchi, he enrolled for Aeronautical Engineering at the Madras Institute of Technology in 1954.
1958 Kalam joined the Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO) and served as a senior scientific assistant, heading a small team that developed a prototype hovercraft. But the project, never took off.
1962 : Following the lukewarm response to his hovercraft program, Kalam moved out of DRDO and joined Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)
1963-82 : Kalam joined the satellite launch vehicle team at Thumba, near Trivandram and soon became Project Director for SLV-3.
1980 : Rohini put into orbit in the month of July
1981 : Kalam honoured with the Padma Bhushan
1982 : Kalam returns to DRDO as its Director. Takes charge of India's integrated guided missile development program. The program envisaged the launch of five major missiles.
1992 : Kalam takes over as the Scientific Advisor to Union Defence Minister.
1997 : Kalam honoured with "Bharat Ratna", india's highest civilian award.
May 11, 1998 : Adorning a Gorkha hat in the Rajasthan deserts, he orchestrated India's underground nuclear tests. The scientist from a small hamlet in Tamil Nadu who had dreamt of India as a nuclear power many years ago had finally achieved it!
2002 : Kalam takes over as the President of India.
WINGS OF FIRE by Dr. APJ ABDULKALAM
I have three visions for India. In 3000 years of our history, people from all over the world have come and invaded us, captured our lands conquered our minds. From Alexander onwards. The Greeks, the Portuguese, the British, the French, the Dutch, all of them came and looted us, took over what was ours. Yet we have not done this to any other nation. We have not conquered anyone. We have not grabbed their land, their culture, their history and tried to enforce our way oflife on them. Why? Because we respect the freedom of others.
That is why my first vision is that of FREEDOM. I believe that India got its first vision of this in 1857, when we started the war of independence.It is this freedom that we must protect and nurture and built on. If we are not free, no one will respect us.
My second vision for India is DEVELOPMENT. For fifty years we have been a developing nation. It is time we see ourselves as a developed nation. We are among top 5 nations of the world in terms of GDP. We have 10 percent growth rate in most areas. Our poverty levels are falling, our achievements are being globally recognized today. Yet we lack the self-confidence to see ourselves as a developed nation, self reliant and self assured. Isn't this right?
I have third vision. The India must stand up to the world. Because I believe that unless India stands up to the world, no one will respect us. Only strength respects strength. We must be strong not only as a military power but also as an economic power. Both must go hand-in-hand. My good fortune was to have worked with three great minds. Dr. Vikram Sarabhai of the Dept. of space, Professor Satish Dhawan, who succeeded him, and Dr. Brahm Prakash, father of nuclear material.I was lucky to have worked with all three of them closely and consider this the great opportunity of my life. I see four milestones in my career:
ONE : Twenty years I spent in ISRO. I was given the opportunity to be the project director for India's first satellite launch vehicle, SLV3. The one that launched Rohini. These years played a very important role in my life of a Scientist.
TWO : After my ISRO years, i joined DRDO and got a chance to be the part of India's guided missile program. It was my second bliss when Agni met its mission requirements in 1994.
THREE : The Dept. of Atomic Energy and DRDO had this tremendous partnership in the recent nuclear tests, on May 11 and 13. This was the third bliss. The joy of participating with my team in these nuclear tests and proving to the world that India can make it. That we are no longer a developing nation but one of them. It made me feel very proud as an Indian. The fact that we have now developed for Agni a re-entry structure, for which we have developed this new material. A Very light material called carbon-carbon.
FOUR : One day an orthopaedic surgeon from Nizam Institute of Medical Sciences visited my laboratory. He lifted the material and found it so light that he took me to his hospital and showed me his patients. There were these little girls and boys with heavy metallic calipers weighing over three Kgs. each, dragging their feet around. He said to me: Please remove the pain of my patients. In three weeks, we made these Floor reaction Orthosis 300 gram calipers and took them to the orthopaedic center. The children didn't believe their eyes. From dragging around a three kg. load on their legs, they could now move around! Their parents had tears in their eyes. That was my fourth bliss!
Why is the media here so negative? Why are we in India so embarrassedto recognize our own strengths, our achievements? We are such a great nation. We have so many amazing success stories but we refuse to acknowledge them. Why? We are the second largest producer of wheat in the world. We are the second largest producers of rice. We are the first in milk production. We are number one in Remote sensing satellites. Look at Dr. Sudarshan, he has transferred the tribal village into a self-sustaining, self driving unit. There are millions of such achievements but our media is only obsessed with the bad news and failures and disasters.
I was in Tel Aviv once and I was reading the Israeli newspaper. It was the day after a lot of attacks and bombardments and deaths had taken place. The Hamas had struck. But the front page of the newspaper had the picture of a Jewish gentleman who in five years had transformed his desert land into an orchid and a granary. It was his inspiring picture that everyone woke up to. The gory details of killings, bombardments,deaths, were inside in the newspaper, buried among other news. In India we only read about death, sickness,terrorism, crime. Why are we so negative?
Another question: Why are we, as a nation so obsessed with Foreign things? we want foreign TVs, we want foreign shirts. We want foreign technology. Why this obsession with everything imported? Do we not realize that self-respect comes with self-reliance? I was in Hyderabad giving this lecture, when a 14 year old girl asked me for my autograph. I asked her what her goal in life is:
She replied: I want to live in a developed India. For her, for you, we will have to built this developed India. You must proclaim.
Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam.
Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam * Achievements
Dr. Avul Pakir Jainulabhudin Adbul Kalam, was born on the 15th October, 1931, at Rameshwaram in TamilNadu. He did his B.Sc. at the St. Joseph's College, Tiruchi, and DMIT in Aeronautical Engineering at the MIT, Madras, during 1954-57. He joined the DRDO in 1958. During 1963-82, he served the ISRO in various capacities.
As Project Director, SLV-3, he was responsible for carrying out design, development, qualification and flight testing of 44 major sub systems. In 1982, as Director, DRDO, was entrusted with the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme. He conceived the programme cnstituting 5 major projects for meeting the requirements of the defence services and for establishing re-entry technology.
The development and successful flight test of Prithvi, Trishul, Akash, Nag, and Agni established the indigeneous capability towards self reliance in defence preparedness. The successful launching of 'Agni' surface-to-surface missile is a unique achievement which made India a member of an exclusive club of highly developed countries. Thus, through SLV and Guided Missile Programme a solid foundation has been created in the indigeneous testing and development of high technology Aerospace Projects.
An Advanced Technology Research Centre, called Research Centre Imarat has also been established by Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam as an extension of DRDL to undertake development in futuristic missile technology areas. He has also established a unique 3 tier management structure to integrate and commit technologists, academic institutions, Industries etc. As a crowing glory to all his achievements, he was appointed Scientific Advisor to Raksha Manthri and Secretary, Dept. of Defence Research and Development.
He is a member of Indian National Academy of Sciences, Astronautical Society of India and many other professional bodies. He has published two books.
Awards He has been Awarded with the India's Highest civilian Award "The Bharat Ratna" in 1997.
Starting with Anna University's first D.Sc., Honoris Causa, he has received many such including the one given by IIT, Bombay, BHU and others.
Other prestigious awards include Dr.Biren Roy Space Award, Om Prakash Basin Award for Science and Technology, National Nehru Award, Arya Bhatta Award.
Dr. Abdul kalam, is praised as a welder of people and a Gandhian Missile Man by R.K. Laxman, in his cartoon in "Times of India."
As a humanitarian and with his extreme simplicity, easy access, he has become a National Hero. He loves Tamil poetry and is interested in carnatic music. He has himself written poems in Tamil. He adores his Gurus of MIT and cherishes his education and training at MIT.
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Dreams To Ignite Young Minds
India has to have vision to become a developed nation. A good dream for our young people is the vision. Can we ignite our young minds? These are the thoughts that frequently 'fire' the mind of India's missile man-- this year (1998) Bharat Ratna awardee Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam.
In an interview to Science Express, the man who built biting molars and awesome muscles into India's missile programme outlined the vision he has of India of tomorrow. "Whenever there is a goal, the dynamics of performance changes, Technology is the economical strength of the nation", says soft-spoken Kalam. "India has people of high calibre and intelligence. The only thing required is more facilities in our labs, government funding and good leadership in scientific areas." After a pause, he fires another missile: "Most importantly, determined youngsters."
No wonder he advices the youth of the country to "dream, dream and dream and convert these into thoughts and later into actions."
Kalam's advice to the youngsters of the nation is to "think big" . "We are a nation of a billion people and we must think like a nation of a billion people. Only then can we become big."
Dr. Kalam's, Scientific Advisor to the Defence Minister and Secretary, Defence Research and Development is the second scientist to receive the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award, after the late Dr. Homi Jehangir Baba.
This genius attributes his success to his parents and the team which worked relentlessly to achieve the goal.
Science, according to him, is a global phenomenon. He feels there are a few areas where India can develop its core competence. These areas are software engineering, computer products and design, agriculture and food, aviation, defence research and space technology and chemical engineering.
"This will lead to a highly beneficial economic and social progress for the nation," says Kalam.
The man who said, "Friends, you now have the fire to torch the Agni" turns out to be extremely shy. His love for the Bhagavad Geetha and the long mane almost gives the missile man the halo of a saint. In fact, his views on technology and life make him the copy book saint of science armed with Brahmastras and the power to heal wounds.
That is another passion of Kalam-using missiles that maime and kill to give a fresh hope to the disabled. In a U turn, Kalam has not shied in using the technology behind fire-spewing missiles to build artificial limbs and spring-like coils called stents to keep the heart vessels open.
He is one of those scientists who aims at putting technology created by him to multiple use. He used the light weight carbon-carbon material designed for Agni to make calipers for the polio affected. This carbon-carbon composite material reduced the weight of the calipers to 400 grams (from its original weight of 4kgs.) Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences (NIMS, Hyderabad) was the birthplace for the defence technology spin offs from Kalam's labs via the DRDL (Defence Research and Development Laboratory), DMRL (Defence Metallurgical Research Lab) and the RCI (Research Centre Imarat). "It was a great experience to see, in the orthopaedic Department of NIMS, how the light weight caliper could bring happiness to the polio affected", remembers Kalam.
Another important event that took place in Hyderabad is the development of the Cardiac stent. Cardiac stents are used during a Balloon Angioplasty. The clogged arteries are opened up using a balloon and stents are inserted to prevent the vessels from collapse.
"The stent developed by us costed much less (he is modest not to say that the cost is less than half) than the ones imported," explains Kalam.
Kalam says there are many more avenues wherein defence technology can be used for a social cause. The technology used for defence imaging systems can be used for medical imagery which is yet another value product, he says. "We are also working on a cost-effective lighter substitute for the Jaipur foot," he adds.
He is of the opinion that a mission oriented programme should be chalked out where in medical equipments and their maintenance should grow out of indigenous technology, thus making us self reliant.
But personally, given a chance would he rather opt to use technology solely for social purposes or continue with his missile programmes? "If India has to become a developed nation it has to have overall development. That includes the field of medicine, defence technology and everything else," says Kalam in a matter-of-fact tone.
Having rolled out sophisticated missiles at regular intervals, Kalam is now striving to make the reusable missiles dream a reality. Like the space shuttles, the reusable missiles can carry war-heads to a pre-determined target, deliver the fire power and return for another run.
The reusable missile's close 'cousin' is Nishant - the Remotely Piloted Vehicle (RPV) or a one-time-use missile that can thumb its nose at even sophisticated radars.
Many of Kalam's pet projects like the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP) and several other defence ventures under his command, are poised for a quantum leap next year.
According to a status report of major ongoing projects of the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) headed by Kalam, the development of the five indigenous missiles under the IGMDP is progressing as per schedule.
"Agni" missile, the crown of the IGMDP, is being given top priority and DRDO scientists have been able to indigenously produce carbon-carbon composite material which could withstand temperatures upto 3500 degrees celsius during the flight of the missile.
UNI quoting Defence Minisry sources said production of 150-Km range "Prithvi" missile for the Army had already commenced and two flight trials of the 250-Km range, Indian Air Force (IAF) version, "Prithvi" had also been completed.
User trials of the other three missiles under the IGMDP - the 9 Km short range low level quick reaction Trishul for the three services, the 25Km medium range surface to air missile "Akash" with multiple target handling capability, the third generation 4Km range anti-tank "Nag" missile - were slated to commence next year.
In many ways, the "Akash" missile is emerging as a key weapon which is being developed by the DRDO as it employs ram rocket propulsion to facilitate carrying of bigger pay loads.
'Akash' is the key in the sense that ram rocket technology is also to be employed by India for the futuristic reusable missile systems.
As far as the current status of India's ambitious Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) was concerned, the second LCA was under integration along with the simultaneous development of technology demonstrator TD-1.
Several new technologies had been established with regard to the LCA. They included carbon fibre composite structure, control law for unstable aircraft, digital fly-by-wire control system and advanced computing system.
The Kaveri engine had been developed and was undergoing evaluation. Its integration with LCA was expected in early 1999.
No country can throttle India's missile programme despite technology denial regimes, believes Kalam.
An important aspect of "the integrated guided missile development programme was identification of critical technologies and their indigenisation as the missile technology control regime was primarily directed at India."
Elaborating on his future plans, the senior most serving defence scientist referred to the Technology Mission 2020 which proposes to change the national status from a developing one to a developed one and involve 500 people from academia, industry and government. He also spoke about working on a 10 year self-reliance programme in defence technologies.
Kalam was born into a family of modest means in Rameshwaram, a small town in TamilNadu. It was his father who wanted him to take up science in the college. After graduating from St.Joseph College, Tiruchirapalli, he joined the Madras Institute of Technology (MIT) to specialise in Aeronautical Engg. This was indeed his launching pad for this promising young man who was destined to become the father of Indian missile programme. After a brief stint in the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), he joined the Indian Space Research organisation (ISRO) in 1963. While at the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, he developed the Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-3) which put the Rohini Satellite into orbit.
He later re-entered DRDO at the Defence Research and Development Laboratory (DRDL), Hyderabad, as the director and this is where most of the research and development of his missile programmes were conceived and created. In his hour of glory, the missile man remembered his parents, co-workers especially at the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, Thiruvananthapuram and a Hyderabad-based defence research laboratory, besides teachers who collectively contributed in various ways towards this achievement.